Egyptian Tomb 100 World Map
by Leon Flying Eagle & Mary Whispering Wind
published May 7, 2007, updated Oct. 22, 2011, last updated May 7, 2013

Egyptian Tomb 100 World Map

While studying a copy of an ancient Egyptian panorama, known as the Hierakonpolis Tomb 100 mural, my partner Leon Flying Eagle and I, discovered that this ancient artwork is actually the world’s first map of the entire world. Remarkably, this map was charted by predynastic Egyptians over 5,000 years ago.

Only fragments of the original mural remain, but fortunately detailed scientific studies of the tomb and art were conducted from 1890 to 1910, and studies of this important site continue to this day. The mural we were studying was drawn by F.W. Green of Cambridge, and published by the British School of Egyptian Archeology, in 1902.

The overwhelming similarities between the Tomb 100 mural and the outlines of a world map quickly became obvious to us. Adjusting the darker background color of the Tomb 100 mural to blue emphasized the contrast between the land and the sea. The continents, oceans, inland seas, and even large lakes, mud flats, and straits were easy to identify.

We began calling the mural the Tribes of the Earth World Map because we noted the various civilizations marked on the map, which we propose are represented by the boats.  

This fascinating, and now controversial, ancient artwork revolutionizes ancient world history and sheds new light on the adventurous spirit and sailing ability of  ancient Egyptian mariners, which charted the farthest boundaries of Mother-Gaia, and successfully recorded the great streams of Oceanus over 5,000 years ago.

Ancient Geography and Sea Levels were accurately recorded 5 kya.

Ancient Greece Map

The Tomb 100 map shows an amazingly accurate knowledge of the geography and bathymetry of the ancient world. The Mediterranean Sea is shown much shallower than it is today, which is consistent with the modern theory of global sea level rise. The map shows mud flats, with shallows and channels, in the Mediterranean Sea.

Perhaps, the map was created with the help of older records which were scribed by the Atlanteans, before the great Atlantis flood, in 9,600 BC.

People, animals and early symbols of familar Egyptian icons are depicted.

Ancient Egyptian Map of  Lion King

The Lion-King of North Africa

The human figures, boats, animals and structures of the mural, are early pictographs that will develop into well known images, later in dynastic Egypt. The depiction of a mighty hero or king, holding two lions by the throat, is the first known depiction of this famous symbol, which became a common symbol in Mesopotamia, six-hundred years later.

Located next to the Lion-King, there is a depiction of a circle with five stags surrounding it. The animal-wheel has been interpreted as a calendar, showing 5 seasons to the year, depicted by the five stags. Perhaps the calendar was used as a symbol for their culture, for example, as the Mayan calendar is often used today, as a symbol of the Mayan civilization.

The five stags may also represent a unification of five different tribes. Perhaps the circle marked a city, gathering place, or a great bazaar, where the tribes came together, five times a year to trade their produce, animal skins, and other products.

A high-prowed boat is the symbol of Egypt

Ancient Map of Egypt

Ancient Map of Egypt and the Red Sea

Prominently located, near the center of the mural is a high-prowed dark-boat, which stands out in contrast to the five white boats surrounding it. The high-prowed dark-boat is the symbol of Egypt. Egypt has a central location and the most outstanding boat. Perhaps the dark-boat is actually symbolic of the Nile River, and honors the gods that preserve the flow of its life-giving waters.

The five white boats represent other major nations of the world, at that time.

Evidence of ancient horses in the Americas

Ancient Egyptian Map of Horses

Ancient Map of North and South America

The familiar contours of North and South America are unmistakable. The date of Tomb 100 map in circa 3,300 BC is just before the beginning of the Mayan Calendar in 3,114 BC. The mystery of the similarities in art and architecture between the early meso-Americans and Egyptians is solved by the revolutionary new timetable of early contact established by this map.

It is surprising to see horses in South America, because horses are thought to have become extinct in both North and South America, about 10,000 BC, and were absent until reintroduced by the Spanish conquests. Whether or not these images are actually horses has been debated. Most folks see horses, especially when comparing the nearby image of what looks, very much, like a donkey on a rope. Some have speculated that they are llamas.

A procession of boats sails across millennia of time, transporting a mysterious cargo of ancient knowledge;

Long ages of time before Ulysses, Odysseus, and the Argonauts, an ancient pre-Egyptian mariner

launch an epic voyage; circumnavigating the world ... over 5,000 years ago.


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Links to archeological research and theories regarding Hierakonpolis and the painted Tomb 100 mural:

Hierakonpolis Tomb 100 (Painted Tomb) Hk loc. 33. Date: Naqada IIC (circa 3500BC).

Excavating Hierakonpolis, 2007 Field Note 6 - The Early Kings of Hierakonpolis, by Renée Friedman, ARCHAEOLOGY Magazine, InteractiveDig, tomb 100, plan of the tomb, (about 3500 BC - Naqada II), a predynastic tomb of outstanding importance. The painting fragments are now preserved in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. University College London.

Early Egyptian iconography of Egyptian King on a boat, Dawn of Egyptian Culture , by  Ottar Vendel.

Swifter than the arrow: the golden hunting hounds of ancient Egypt by Michael Rice.

Tomb 100: The Decorated Tomb at Hierakonpolis, by Humphrey Case and Joan Crowfoot Payne, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 48, (Dec., 1962), pp. 5-18

"Dynasties 00": The proto-states of Naqada IIC-IIIA2 period (c. 3500-3220 BC), PART II - EVIDENCE OF EARLY RULERS, by Francesco Raffaele, LATE PREDYNASTIC AND EARLY DYNASTIC EGYPT.

Hierakonpolis Tomb 100 (painted mural), presented by Francesco Raffaele.

"Hierakonpolis Tomb 100 (Painted Tomb) Hk loc. 33. Date: Naqada IIC (circa 3500BC).
Main bibliographic references for the Hierakonpolis painted tomb 100:
J.E. Quibell - F.W. Green, Hierakonpolis II (1902) 20f., pl 67, 75-79;
J. Vandier, Manuel I (1952), 561-571;
H. Case - J. Crowfoot-Payne, Tomb 100: the Decorated Tomb at Hierakonpolis, in: JEA 48 (1962), 5-18;
J. Crowfoot-Payne, Tomb 100: The Decorated Tomb at Hierakonpolis confirmed, in: JEA 59 (1973), 31-35;
B.J. Kemp, Photographs of the Decorated Tomb at Hierakonpolis, in: JEA 59 (1973), 36-43;
K.M. Cialowicz, La naissance du royaume (2001), 100f., 157-161."

Nekhen, Greek Hierakonpolis, by Marie Parsons

MAPPA DEL MONDO DEL 3500 a.C. Nella Tomba 100 di Hierakonpolis, di Leon “Aquila Volante”, Mary “Vento che Sussurra”, A. Arecchi

Egyptian Monuments

Time-Boat in Egypt

Egyptian Tomb 100 World Map, the Tribes of the Earth. .Hypothesis by Flying Eagle and Whispering Wind, authors of the Atlantis Motherland book,
Maui Vortex, July 7, 2007, updated Oct. 22, 2011, last updated by Mary Whispering Wind, May 7, 2013.

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